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H635 CH classification LIGHTING Kerosene & Oil oil lamp


Department

  • Cultures and Histories

Brief description

  • Lamp, mould made. Circular body with high shoulder and deep moulded discus. Triangular-ended nozzle with pronounced volutes. Slightly raised flat base set off by groove. One to two incised grooves on rim, two more demarcating rim and discus. On discus a hoplomachus appealing, to left, with legs apart and right arm outstretched. He wares a crested and tasselled helmet, greaves (cnemides), belted breech cloth (subligaculum) and protective gauntlet (manicae) on the left arm and carries a small square shield and perhaps a dagger (sica) in the left hand. Fill-hole below the right hand. On base a four-letter maker’s mark (illegible) in planta pedis above an anchor or cursive T shaped mould mark in low relief. Buff brown clay covered with brick red to orange and dark brown glaze. No sign of use. Knife paired at shoulder (Webb, Jennifer M., "Corpus of Cypriote Antiquities", Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol. XX: p. 14).

Subject Notes

  • The need to extend daylight hours has always been with us. Before the advent of electricity, allowing a space to be illuminated with the simple flick of a switch, light was achieved by the use of a candle or a lamp. Artificial lighting via candles and lamps was widespread through the ancient world. Lamps were utilised in private and public buildings, in temples and sanctuaries, in street lighting and in ceremonies.

Details

  • Registration number: H635
  • Classification: CH classification LIGHTING Kerosene & Oil oil lamp
  • Name or title: Lamp, oil, mould made, Gladiator motif
  • Production place: Italy
  • Production date: Circa 1st Century CE
  • History and use: The need to extend daylight hours has always been with us. Before the advent of electricity, allowing a space to be illuminated with the simple flick of a switch, light was achieved by the use of a candle or a lamp. Artificial lighting via candles and lamps was widespread through the ancient world. Lamps were utilised in private and public buildings, in temples and sanctuaries, in street lighting and in ceremonies.

Taxonomy

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